Key Ideas from the techniques taught in this chapter as as follows:
“High expectations are the most reliable driver of high student achievement, even in students who do not have a history of successful achievement.”
Technique #1 – No Opt Out – A sequence that begins with a student unable to answer a question should end with the student answering that question as often as possible.
Technique #2 – Right is Right – Set and defend a high standard of correctness in your classroom.
- Hold out for all the way
- Answer the question
- Right answer, right time
- Use technical vocabulary
Technique#3 – Stretch It – The sequence of learning does not end with the right answer; reward right answers with follow up questions that extend knowledge and test for reliability.
- Ask how or why
- Ask for another way to answer
- Ask for a better word
- Ask for evidence
- ask for integration of related skills
- Ask for application of same skill in new setting
Technique #4 – Format Matters – It’s not just what students say that matters, but how they communicate it. To succeed, students must take their knowledge and express it in the language of opportunity.
- Grammatical format
- Complete sentence format
- Audible format
- Unit format
Technique #5 – Without Apology – Expressing the unshakable that content is engaging and essential.
- Never apologize for the content
- Never apologize for the students